Hội nghị PMC10+1 với các quốc gia đối thoại của ASEAN: Úc, Canada, TQ, EU, Ấn độ, Nhật bản, Niu Di lan, Hàn quốc, Nga, Mỹ.
Theo AKP 12/7: Đánh giá chung của Chủ tịch ASEAN: Hội nghị đã kết thúc hôm 11-7 và htành công ở hai mức độ, một là một số đối tác của ASEAN đã nâng cấp quan hệ đối tác chiến lược với ASEAN, hai là khẳng định đóng góp vào mục tiêu ASEAN một cộng đồng chung. Các quốc gia đối thoại đều cam kết ủng hộ vai trò trung tâm của ASEAN trên các cơ chế khu vực và khuôn khổ mà ASEAN đã sáng lập như ASEAN+3, ARF, Cấp cao Đông Á EAS, Hội nghị các BT Quốc phòng ADMM Plus.
Nội dung đối thoại PMC10+1 xuay quanh hai vấn đề: Phát biểu quan điểm về các vấn đề khu vực và quốc tế và Đánh giá hợp tác và dự kiến tương lai. Hai bên thảo luận về tình hình bán đảo Triều tiên, Biển Nam Hải, tình hình cải cách ở Myanmar, an ninh hàng hải, tội phạm xuyên quốc gia. Về quan hệ với ASEAN, các nước đối thoại trao đổi về hướng thực hiện chương trình hành động hợp tác, các lĩnh vực ưu tiên.
BT NG Singaporre chủ trì cùng BT NG Úc. Asean đánh giá cao Chương trình hợp tác giai đoạn II Úc-Asean (AADCPII) 2008-2015 và chương trình hỗ trợ hợp tác kinh tế chuẩn bị cho khu vực tự do mậu dịch ASEAN-Australia-New Zealand (AANZFTA); Úc hỗ trợ Chương trình tổng thể kết nối ASEAN (MPAC), trong đó có kết nối hạ tầng; kêu gọi Úc kết hợp đầu tư Công-Tư trong thúc đẩy kết nối hạ tầng MPAC; xác nhận tầm quan trọng của Uỷ ban hỗn hợp về hợp tác ASEAN-Úc nhằm tăng cường hiệu quả hợp tác. Philippin sẽ thay Singaporre làm quốc gia điều phối.
Quốc gia điều phối: Thái lan, kế tiếp là Singapore. Asean đánh giá cao chương tình hành động quan hệ đối tác nâng cao (2010-2015), các lĩnh vực nhân quyền, tội phạm xuyên quốc gia, thương mại-đầu tư, nghiên cứu và Biến đổi khí hậu, hài lòng với kết quả hợp tác 3 năm qua , việc Canada tham gia TAC và TAC bổ sung, ký tuyên bố chung với ASEAN về THương mại và đầu tư; thực hiện các hoạt động năm 2012 kỷ niệm 35 năm quan hệ đối tác với ASEAN. Cam kết nâng cao hơn nữa quan hệ đối tác và mở rộng một số lĩnh vực mới như: Kết nối, giáo dục và nguồn nhân lực, lương thực và năng lượng, sáng chế; Canada bày tỏ quan tâm tới khuôn khổ ADMM+ và Cấp cao Đông Á.
Quốc gia điều phối: Việt Nam, kế tiếp là Thái lan : Hội nghị hài lòng với kết quả quan hệ đối tác 20 năm qua đặc biệt là Kế hoạch hành động thực hiện tuyên bố chung hai bên về quan hệ đối tác chiến lược vì hoà bìn và phồn vinh 2011-2015; các hoạt động 2011 kỷ niệm 20 năm đối tác, kết quả cuộc gặp Asean-TQ lần 14; cuộc họp của Hội đồng chung của T tâm ÁSESAN-TQ hồi tháng 5.2012 , hoan nghênh TQ cử ĐS tới ASEAN. HN ghi nhận tiến triển của và cam kết thực hiện toàn bộ DOC với cam kết tập thể của ASEAN; đánh giá cao cam kết TQ hỗ trợ Chương trình kết nối tổng thể của ASEAN, sáng kiến TQ thành lập Trung tâm Điều phối ASEAN về hỗ trợ nhân đạo trong quản lý thiên tai; chuẩn bị ký MOU hai bên về hợp tác quản lý thiên tai và QUỹ chung về khắc phục hậu quả thiên tai.
The European Union
The ASEAN PMC+1 Session with EU was co-chaired by Honourable Pehin Lim Jock Seng, Minister of Foreign Affairs and Trade II of Brunei Darussalam, and the Right Honourable Lady Catherine Ashton, High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, and Vice President of the European Commission.
The Meeting reviewed ASEAN-EU cooperation with satisfaction on the implementation of the Plan of Action to implement the Nuremberg Declaration on the ASEAN-EU Enhanced Partnership, and its two-year periodic list of activities. The Meeting also welcomed various activities as reflected in the EU’s Multi-Annual Indicative Programme (MIP) 2011-2013.
The Meeting recalled the successful outcome of the 19th ASEAN-EU Ministerial Meeting in April 2012, in which Ministers adopted the Bandar Seri Begawan Plan of Action to Strengthen the ASEAN-EU Enhanced Partnership (2013-2017) as for the follow-up to the current Plan of Action and launched two important joint cooperation programmes, namely the ASEAN Regional Integration Support by the EU (ARISE) and the Regional EU-ASEAN Dialogue Instrument (READI). In this regard, the Meeting looked forward to their timely, effective and comprehensive implementation, on the basis of equal partnership and mutual benefit.
The Meeting also welcomed the EU’s accession to the Treaty of Amity and Cooperation in Southeast Asia (TAC), which serves as a key instrument in governing inter-state relations and contributing to peace, security, stability, and prosperity in the region.
The Meeting expressed appreciation for the EU’s commitment to assist in strengthening the capacity of the ASEAN Secretariat. We looked forward to helping each other to build and develop capacity in areas of mutual interest and benefit. In this regard, we tasked the Committee of Permanent Representatives to ASEAN to work with the EU on the modalities for such cooperation.
While the ASEAN-EU partnership has evolved significantly, the Meeting agreed on the importance of enhancing mutual understanding on how the ASEAN and EU mechanisms work by sharing best practices and exchange of officials between ASEAN and EU. In addition, ASEAN invited EU to support the enhancement of the capacity of ASEAN Coordination Centre for Humanitarian Assistance on Disaster Management (AHA Centre).
The Meeting also welcomed the EU’s initiative to enhance cooperation in strengthening the human resource capacity of the ASEAN Secretariat and tasked the Committee of Permanent Representatives to ASEAN (CPR) to discuss the modalities with EU.
Noting the growing volume of trade and investment between both regions, the Meeting looked forward to enhancing this relationship further through deepening dialogue and consultations between ASEAN Economic Ministers and the EU Trade Commissioner, as well as with and between the business communities of both regions with the view of fostering public-private sector partnerships. The Meeting also recognised the importance of realising a free trade area to enhance economic cooperation between both regions and in this regard, the Meeting noted the EU’s on-going FTA negotiations with individual ASEAN Member States are important “building blocks” of a region-to-region FTA.
The Meeting thanked Brunei Darussalam as the outgoing Country Coordinator for ASEAN-EU Dialogue Relations and welcomed Viet Nam as the incoming Country Coordinator.
The ASEAN PMC+1 Session with India was co-chaired by H.E. Mr. HOR Namhong, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation of Kingdom of Cambodia, and H.E. S. M. Krishna, Minister of External Affairs of the Republic of India.
The Meeting took note with satisfaction the good development highlighted in the Progress Report on the implementation of the ASEAN-India Plan of Action to implement the ASEAN-India Partnership for Peace, Progress and Shared Prosperity (2010-2015), and agreed on the need to speed up the effective and full implementation of the Plan of Action. The Meeting called for the early conclusion of the negotiations on ASEAN-India Trade in Services and Investment Agreements with greater understanding and flexibility among parties concerned.
The Meeting highlighted the importance of transportation networks between Southeast Asia and South Asia, and welcomed India’s commitment to support the Master Plan on ASEAN Connectivity through both hard and soft infrastructure linkages. In this regard, the Meeting called for the early convening of the ASEAN-India Transport Ministers’ Meeting to discuss the development of the India-Myanmar-Lao PDR-Vietnam-Cambodia Highway and the India-Myanmar-Thailand Trilateral Highway with the extension to Lao PDR and Cambodia. The Meeting also encouraged both sides to look into the possibility of taking concrete steps towards the development of Mekong-India Economic Corridor linking the east coast of India to the Southeast Asian region. The Meeting welcomed Cambodia’s proposal to set up the ASEAN-India Joint Committee on Connectivity to coordinate and oversee all cooperative activities related to connectivity. The Meeting also underlined the need to interlink ASEAN-India regions through maritime connectivity under the umbrella of MPAC.
The Meeting welcomed the good progress in the drafting of the final report of the ASEAN-India Eminent Persons Group (EPG), to be submitted to the Leaders of ASEAN and India at the 10th ASEAN-India Summit in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, in November 2012. The Meeting also expressed confidence that the report would provide key practical recommendations to further strengthening and advancing ASEAN-India Dialogue Relations to a higher plane.
The Meeting looked forward to the convening of the ASEAN-India Commemorative Summit in New Delhi, India, on 20-21 December 2012 to mark 20 years of ASEAN-India Dialogue Relations. In this connection, the Meeting agreed to conduct a series of meaningful activities to promote awareness on ASEAN-India dialogue relations, including the ASEAN-India Car Rally and the Cultural Festival. The Meeting also agreed to have a Vision Statement to be adopted by the Leaders at the ASEAN-India Commemorative Summit in New Delhi, to further enhance the good friendship and cooperation between the two sides.
The Meeting thanked Cambodia as the outgoing Country Coordinator for ASEAN-India Dialogue Relations and welcomed Brunei Darussalam as the incoming Country Coordinator.
The ASEAN PMC+1 Session with Japan was co-chaired by H.E. Marty M. Natalegawa, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Indonesia and H.E. Koichiro Gemba, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Japan.
The Meeting noted with satisfaction the good progress made in the implementation of the ASEAN-Japan Plan of Action (2011-2015) since its adoption by the Leaders at the 14th ASEAN-Japan Summit in Bali last year, and looked forward to the submission of the Progress Report on the Implementation of the ASEAN-Japan Plan of Action to the 15th ASEAN-Japan Summit, in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, in November 2012.
The Meeting noted the status of the negotiations on the ASEAN-Japan Trade in Services and Investment Agreements and reaffirmed the need to continue these negotiations for the ASEAN-Japan Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement. The Meeting was also pleased to note the good progress in the development of a roadmap for ASEAN-Japan Economic Relations in the next 10 years, and expressed confidence that the roadmap would be completed in time for submission to the 18th AEM-METI Consultations in Cambodia.
The Meeting took note of the successful ASEAN Roadshow to Japan on 25-28 April 2012, which helped to promote investment and trade as well as and economic cooperation between ASEAN and Japan.
The ASEAN Ministers highly appreciated Japan’s strong support to the implementation of the Initiative for ASEAN Integration (IAI), particularly through the IAI Work Plan II (2009-2015) and were convinced that Japan remained committed to helping narrow the development gaps in ASEAN through more active contribution to sub-regional cooperation frameworks.
The ASEAN Ministers also noted with satisfaction the 33 flagships projects identified by Japan related to ASEAN Economic Corridors (East-West Economic Corridor, Southern Economic Corridor and Maritime Economic Corridors and soft infrastructure in whole ASEAN) for enhancing ASEAN Connectivity. The Meeting requested both sides to speed up the project approval process so that the projects could be implemented as soon as possible.
The Meeting recognized the confirmation from the government of Japan on the extension of the use of the Japan-ASEAN Integration Fund (JAIF) until March 2013 with a deadline for project submission by September 2012. The Meeting also welcomed the implementation of the Kizuna (Bond) project and the ASEAN Ministers hoped for similar projects to take place in the future to strengthen the connectivity between youth of ASEAN, Japan and the wider region.
The Meeting reiterated that disaster management and emergency response are issues of highest priory for ASEAN and Japan. The ASEAN Ministers welcomed Japan’s strong support for the AHA Centre, through projects such as “Establishment of an Integrated Information and Communication Technology System to strengthen the operation of the AHA Centre” and Establishment of a Disaster Emergency Logistic System for ASEAN”. The Meeting appreciated the progress in establishing the “Disaster Management Network for the ASEAN Region, which Japan had proposed on the occasion of the ASEAN-Japan Foreign Ministers Meeting in July 2011, through the cooperation provided by Japan such as capacity building of the AHA Center. The Meeting also welcomed that Japan will seek to expand its cooperation with ASEAN and ASEAN Member States in the area of utilization of outer space, including the possibility of expanding the scope of their cooperation in the ASEAN Disaster Management Network in the region.
The ASEAN Ministers agreed on the importance of people-to-people contacts in building closer relations between ASEAN and Japan. In this regard, the Ministers welcomed Japan’s new youth exchange programme entitled “Kizuna Project” aimed at promoting global understanding of Japan’s revival efforts in response to the Great East Japan Earthquake and to promote close ties and nurture friendship among the youth of ASEAN and Japan.
The Meeting agreed to carry out commemorative activities throughout 2013 to mark the 40th Anniversary of ASEAN-Japan Dialogue Relations. The Meeting welcomed the establishment of a track II dialogue among intellectual of ASEAN Member States and Japan which would be submitting a mid-to-long term vision of ASEAN Japan relations to the ASEAN PMC Plus One Session with Japan in 2013.
The Meeting also looked forward to the convening of the ASEAN-Japan Commemorative Summit in 2013 to mark the 40th year of ASEAN-Japan Dialogue Relations.
The Meeting thanked Indonesia as the outgoing Country Coordinator for ASEAN-Japan Dialogue Relations and welcomed Cambodia as the incoming Country Coordinator.
Republic of Korea
The ASEAN PMC+1 Session with the Republic of Korea (ROK) was co-chaired by H.E. Mr. Alounkeo KITTIKHOUN, Vice Minister of Foreign Affairs of Lao PDR, and H.E. Kim Sung-han, Second Vice Minister of Foreign Affairs and Trade of the Republic of Korea.
The Meeting expressed its satisfaction with the progress in cooperation made after the elevation of the ASEAN-ROK relations from comprehensive partnership to the strategic partnership in October 2010. The Meeting also noted with satisfaction the progress made in the implementation of the Joint Declaration on ASEAN-Republic of Korea Strategic Partnership for Peace and Prosperity and its Plan of Action (2011-2015).
The Meeting welcomed the progress in the establishment of the Mission of the ROK to ASEAN in Jakarta, which would certainly pave the way to further strengthen and increase dialogue cooperation between ASEAN and the ROK.
The meeting noted with appreciation good work carried out by the ASEAN-Korea Centre in promoting awareness on ASEAN-ROK relations, in particular, in trade, investment, tourism and cultural exchanges through the organization of a series of activities. The meeting expressed its appreciation to the Lao PDR and Thailand who have already seconded their officials to the Centre and encouraged the next secondment of officials by respective ASEAN Member States to Centre.
The Meeting welcomed the signing of the Agreement between the Governments of the ASEAN Member States and the ROK on Forest Cooperation at the sideline of the 14th ASEAN-ROK Summit on 18 November 2011 in Bali, Indonesia. The Meeting agreed to explore and develop concrete projects in the area of forestry. In this regard, the Meeting looked forward to the entry into force of the Agreement and tasked relevant sectors to effectively implement the Agreement, which would positively contribute to the socio-economic development, environmental protection and biodiversity conservation, as well as to further strengthen cooperation in the fields of forestry and building the capacity in dealing with climate change.
The Meeting also welcomed the establishment of the ASEAN Coordinating Centre for Humanitarian Assistance on Disaster Management (AHA Centre) in November 2011, Bali, Indonesia, and looked forward to the support from the ROK to the Center.
The Meeting thanked Lao PDR as the outgoing Country Coordinator for ASEAN-ROK Dialogue Relations and welcome Indonesia as the incoming Country Coordinator.
The ASEAN PMC+1 Session with New Zealand was co-chaired by H.E. Dato’ Sri Anifah Haji Aman, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Malaysia, and Honourable Murray McCully, Minister of Foreign Affairs of New Zealand. ASEAN congratulated the Government of New Zealand on the successful General Elections held on 26 November 2011. ASEAN expressed its confidence that the Rt. Hon. Prime Minister John Key’s policy towards ASEAN would continue to strengthen and enrich the ASEAN-New Zealand partnership to deliver concrete benefits to the peoples of ASEAN and New Zealand. ASEAN appreciated the continuity of New Zealand’s strong commitment and steadfast support for ASEAN centrality in its community-building efforts and development of regional architecture.
The Ministers was encouraged by the progress made to realize commitments contained in the Joint Declaration for an ASEAN-New Zealand Comprehensive Partnership and its Plan of Action (2010-2015). The Meeting was happy to note that the four flagship initiatives were currently being implemented and that plans were already underway for their implementation in the second year. New Zealand welcomed the Global Movement of Moderates and looked forward to working with ASEAN to promote this initiative. New Zealand also expressed readiness to work with ASEAN in the area of connectivity to facilitate the narrowing of development gaps in ASEAN and promote greater integration within the Asia-Pacific region.
The Meeting stressed the importance of the implementation of the Agreement for an ASEAN-Australia-New Zealand Free Trade Area (AANZFTA), especially the five-year AANZFTA Economic Cooperation Support Program, with confidence that mutual benefits that have been enjoyed since the coming into force of the Agreement in January 2010 would continue to intensify. New Zealand welcomed the ASEAN Framework for Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership and looked forward to collaborating with ASEAN in this area.
The Ministers reaffirmed the importance of continuing cooperation on disaster preparedness and response. In this regard, the Meeting encouraged New Zealand to support the AHA Centre and the implementation of the Work Programme (2010-2015) of the ASEAN Agreement on Disaster Management and Emergency Response (AADMER).
The Foreign Ministers also took note of the change in the nomenclature of the ASEAN-New Zealand Joint Management Committee to Joint Cooperation Committee and its revised Terms of Reference.
The Meeting expressed appreciation to Malaysia for its role as Country Coordinator for the period July 2009 to July 2012 and looked forward to working with Lao PDR as the new Country Coordinator for the period July 2012 to July 2015 in further deepening and strengthening ASEAN-New Zealand Dialogue Relations.
The Russian Federation
The ASEAN PMC+1 Session with the Russian Federation was co-chaired by H.E. Mr. Wunna Maung Lwin, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, and H.E. Mr. Igor Vladimirrovich Morgulov, Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation.
The Meeting noted the steady progress of the implementation of the Comprehensive Program of Action to Promote Cooperation between ASEAN and the Russian Federation (2005-2015), including trade and investment, countering terrorism and transnational crime, science and technology, and tourism.
The Meeting also noted with pleasure the various meaningful activities undertaken to celebrate the 15th Anniversary of ASEAN-Russia Dialogue Partnership, including organizing cultural events on the sideline of the 19th ASEAN Summit and Related Meetings in November 2012 in Bali, Indonesia, which contributed significantly to the promotion of mutual understanding and friendship as well as the advancement of the ASEAN-Russia Dialogue Relations.
The ASEAN Ministers expressed its appreciation to the decision of Government of the Russian Federation to allocate USD 1.5 million annually to the ASEAN-Russia Dialogue Partnership Financial Fund (DPFF) in attestation of Russia’s firm commitment to further enhance dialogue partnership with ASEAN.
The Meeting encouraged Russia to support the implementation of the IAI Work Plan II and the Master Plan on ASEAN Connectivity (MPAC). The Meeting also encouraged the finalization of the new Plan of Action of the ASEAN-Russian Federation Working Group on Science and Technology (2012-2015) with the view to enhance and promote the cooperation between ASEAN and the Russian Federation in the field of science and technology.
The Meeting also witnessed the official launching of the website of the ASEAN Centre in the Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO).
The Meeting thanked Myanmar as the outgoing Country Coordinator for ASEAN-Russian Federation Dialogue Relations and welcomed Malaysia as the incoming Country Coordinator.
United States of America
The ASEAN PMC+1 Session with the U.S. was co-chaired by H.E. Mr. Albert F. Del Rosario, Secretary of Foreign Affairs of the Philippines, and H.E. Ms. Hillary R. Clinton, Secretary of State of the United States of America.
The Meeting welcomed the progress in the implementation of the Plan of Action to Implement the ASEAN-US Enhanced Partnership for Enduring Peace and Prosperity (2011-2015) across all the three of ASEAN’s Political and Security, Economic and Socio-Cultural Community. The Meeting reviewed progress on other initiatives announced by the United States during the 3rd ASEAN-U.S. Leaders’ Meeting. The U.S. announced the Asia Pacific Strategic Engagement Initiative, a new initiative designed to increase U.S. foreign assistance to the region, reaffirming the United States’ commitment to advance its partnership with ASEAN.
The Meeting noted with satisfaction the enhancing and expanding of the ASEAN-U.S. cooperation, which has contributed to the maintenance of peace, stability, and prosperity in the region. ASEAN welcomed the United States’ proposal for the “Commitment to Connectivity: ASEAN-U.S. Business Forum” to be held on 13 July in Siem Reap, Cambodia. The Business Forum will bring together ASEAN and the U.S. senior officials and business leaders to discuss how best to align public and private efforts to support ASEAN integration and connectivity. The Ministers also welcomed the second ASEAN Economic Ministers Road Show to the U.S. in the 2nd half of 2012.
The Meeting welcomed the outcome of the 1st Meeting of ASEAN-U.S. Eminent Persons Group (EPG) held on 20-21 May 2012 in Manila, Philippines and looked forward to the 2nd Meeting to be held in Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar in September 2012. The Meeting encouraged the EPG to finalize its Report which contained concrete and practical recommendations for submission to the 4th ASEAN-U.S. Leaders’ Meeting, in Phnom Penh, in November 2012.
The Meeting noted the significant advances under the ASEAN-US Trade and Investment Framework Agreement (TIFA). The TIFA Work Plan for 2012 has identified among other activities the ASEAN-U.S. Business Summit to be held on the sidelines of the ASEAN Economic Ministers Meeting (AEM) in August 2012 and 2nd Trade and Environment Dialogue. The Meeting also welcomed the U.S.’ support to the implementation of the Master Plan on ASEAN Connectivity, which constitutes an important component for bridging the development gap within ASEAN. ASEAN welcomed efforts by the United States to increase its investment in the Lower Mekong Region through the Lower Mekong Initiative to advance ASEAN integration and connectivity.
The Meeting recognized the growing significance of maritime issues and cooperation in the region and underscored the importance to regional peace and stability, of ensuring maritime safety, freedom of navigation, respect for international law, and unimpeded lawful commerce in the South China Sea. The Meeting expressed support for the full and effective implementation of the ASEAN-China Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea, as well as the early conclusion of a Code of Conduct, in accordance with universally recognized principles of international law, including the 1982 UNCLOS. The meeting agreed an effective Code of Conduct should create a rules-based framework for managing disputes and regulating the conduct of parties in the South China Sea.
The Meeting emphasized the importance of enhancing people-to-people ties between ASEAN and the United States. The Meeting expressed satisfaction with the results of the April visit to the United States by the ASEAN Commission for the Promotion and Protection of the Rights of Women and Children. The U.S. looked forward to the planned September visit of the Committee of the Permanent Representatives to ASEAN (CPR) to the U.S. The Meeting looked forward to the participation of the 1st batch of students under the U.S.-Brunei Partnership for English Language Education in ASEAN later this year. ASEAN also welcomed the U.S. announcement to launch an ASEAN Fullbright pilot programme. The Meeting commended efforts to invigorate science and technology cooperation, particularly in the area of health service, at the May consultation between the ASEAN Committee of Science and Technology and the United States in Nay Pyi Taw.
The Meeting looked forward to the early accession of the Nuclear Weapons States (P5) to the Southeast Asia Nuclear Weapons Free Zone (SEANWFZ) Protocol, which would significantly contribute towards general and complete nuclear disarmament and the promotion of international peace and security in the wider region.
The Meeting thanked the Philippines as the outgoing Country Coordinator for ASEAN-U.S. Relations and welcomed Myanmar as the incoming Country Coordinator