Home » Bầu cử » Thứ ba 27-8: let it go or demonstrate?

Thứ ba 27-8: let it go or demonstrate?

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August 2013
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BẦU CỬ
HÃY BIẾT THA THỨ! Let’s Election anger go! 

Bài bình luận của Roger Milton viết cho Bưu điện Phnom Penh. Trong bối cảnh CNRP  gặp mặt cử tri tại quảng trường dân chủ chiều 26.8 kêu gọi đại biểu tình nếu các vấn đề kỹ thuật bầu cử và uỷ ban liên hiệp độc lập xem xét kết quả bầu cử không được xem xét thỏa đáng, tác giả Milton cho rằng không thể nói rằng CPP đã điều khiển cuộc bầu cử, “cho” CNRP thắng tới 55 ghế. Nói cách khác , cuộc bầu cử ở cpc có nhiều dấu hiệu dân chủ không thể có ở những nước láng giềng như Lào, VN. Nếu căn cứ vào mức thắng cử 45% ghế Quốc hội của CNRP thì thực tế đã xảy ra Mùa xuân Ả rập một cách hòa bình- đối với những ai muốn nhìn thấy điều này- một điều không tìm thấy ở Singapore, có chăng mới xảy ra gần đây ở Indonesia, Malaysia. Cho dù có những bất bình thường, nhưng những bất bình thường đó cũng chỉ ở mức như đã xẩy ra trong cuộc bầu cử tổng thống Mỹ (Bush- tại Bang Florida) mà thôi. Milton cho rằng (các nhà lãnh đạo CPC) hãy theo gương của Nelson Mandella sau khi ra tù không trả thù hoặc chấp nhặt mà bỏ qua sự thù hận, ghét bỏ, hướng tới kiến tạo tương lai.

CNRP và chính sách đấu tranh sau bầu cử: CEN 26-8: Sam Rainsy kêu gọi Biểu tình rộng rãi phản đối việc không thành lập được Uỷ ban liên hợp xem xét lại kết quả bầu cử; nhắc lại kế hoạch đấu tranh  3 phần của CNRP: 1) Giải quyết các vấn đề kỹ thuật, 2) kêu gọi thành  lập Uỷ ban liên hiệp độc lập xem xét các biểu hiện bất thường và 3) tổ chức đại biểu tình nếu yêu sách số 2 không đạt được.

See more at: http://www.thecambodiaherald.com/cambodia/detail/1?page=11&token=MTg2NDY2MDFmN2Q#sthash.ud154kii.dpuf

Giới phân tích chính trị CPC lo ngại biểu tình sẽ dẫn đến bất ổn định, bạo lực và kêu gọi các đảng bình tỉnh thương lượng.

Lực lượng đối lập thắng lớn ở khu vực địa lý quanh Thủ đô: — CEN 26/8 (The Cambodia Herald) đưa tin về một bản đồ mô tả tỷ lệ thắng cử của hai đảng CPC do nhóm nghiên cứu của Đại học Quốc gia Úc. Bản đồ này biểu thị nhận định rằng: Khác với kết quả bầu cử ở Thái lan, tỷ lệ ủng hộ phe bảo thủ chủ yếu ở khu lân cận Thủ đô, thì trong trường hợp Campuchia lại ngược lại. Ap 25/8

NEC TUYÊN BỐ VIỆC MỞ GÓI A CHO THẤY KHÔNG ẢNH HƯỞNG TỚI KẾT QUẢ ĐÃ TUYÊN BỐ
AKP 26/8: NEC sau khi mở gói A ở 13 phòng bỏ phiếu tỉnh Kratie đã ra tuyên bố ngay buổi tối 25/8 rằng ngoại trừ một số vấn đề như niêm phong không đúng quy cách do cán bộ bầu cử chưa được tập huấn thấu đáo, thì việc kiểm tra cho thấy không thay đổi kết quả đã công bố.

Lộ trinhg xem xét khiếu nại của Hội đồng Hiến pháp:  Hội đồng đã tiếp nhận 39 khiếu nại, đã giải quyết dứt điểm 24 khiếu nại và đang xem xét tiếp  15 khiêu snại còn lại; Hội đồng sẽ ra lệnh mở một số gói phiếu A để kiểm chứng kết quả đã công bố và sẽ tổ chức Điều trần công khai ( public hearings ) trước thời gian công bố kết quả chính thức  khoảng 10/9.

Y TẾ

CEN 27/8 (The Cambodia Herald) — Bộ y tế Thái lan đã tuyên bố áp dụng các biện pháp theo dõi kiểm dịch động vật ở vùng biên giới với CPC, ứng phó với tin về bệnh dịch H5N1 từ Campuchia  – See more at: http://www.thecambodiaherald.com/cambodia/detail/1?page=15&token=MjE3Y2U1ZGIwZGY#sthash.YmzBZAxC.dpuf

KINH TE CPC
cen 20-8
Kuala Lumpur (The star /ANN) — A country once torn apart by war is emerging as a key investment destination for small and medium entreprises

It was once home to a great civilization. In the 12th century, the Khmer empire was South-East Asia’s largest. Angkor was the centre of its power and a series of capitals were constructed during the empire’s zenith.

Researchers concluded that Angkor was once the largest pre-industrial city in the world, and probably supported a population of up to one million people. Angkor Wat, the most well known and best preserved religious temple at the site, still serve as reminders of Cambodia’s past as a major regional power.

However, in the 1970s the former French colony experienced one of the deadliest civil wars known to mankind. The strive led to the deaths of approximately two million people through the combined result of political executions, disease, starvation, and forced labour in just four years.

Those days behind it, Cambodia today is ready to return to its former glory.

Cambodia joined the Association of South-east Asian Nations in 1999 and the World Trade Organisation in 2004 and has experienced an economic boom over the last fifteen years. Its gross domestic product grew at 7.2 per cent last year.

According to the World Bank, this growth momentum is expected to continue with projected growth rates of 6.7 per cent this year and 7 per cent in 2014. It is driven by strong exports, private investment, agriculture, diversification, and a solid macroeconomic position.

Often overshadowed by its neighbors from the Greater Mekong area such as Vietnam, Thailand and, most recently, Myanmar, Cambodia has been undergoing a quiet transformation.

After more than a decade of growth — with just one hiccup during the global crisis in 2008 — the newest member of Asean has begun attracting serious investment.

Investor interest has been driven more by business growth than by the country’s promotion efforts, unlike other emerging markets. For many labour-intensive manufacturing operations, Cambodia has become an attractive option almost by accident.

Bangladesh has lost its charm with a series of disastrous factory fires and collapses, bureaucracy weighs down Vietnam, while growing awareness of wage inflation in China has companies looking elsewhere in Asia.

Cambodia, renowned for its relatively light-touch regulation of foreign investors, has emerged as a prime choice.

Former Cambodian prime minister Ung Huot said, with Cambodia’s current investment policies, Malaysian small-medium enterprises (SMEs) should capitalise by investing in the country.

“Cambodia is suitable for SMEs that are looking to expand or to set up shop overseas. Wages are competitive and it is good to come in early,” he said.

“Plenty of opportunities are available here, mainly in the agriculture sector. The government has been pushing for this sector to grow,” he added.

Going cassava

One Cambodia-based company has been luring Malaysian investors, both individuals and SMEs, to look at the investing prospects in the country.

“Increased domestic demand and growing imports of flour, starches, and sugars provide an opportunity for investors and cassava has been competitively processed into these items,” said Valley of Wealth Pte Ltd chief executive Clement Woo.

Valley of Wealth acts as consultants for investors who are interested in agriculture investment in Cambodia.

Cassava, or tapioca, is one of Cambodia’s biggest agricultural products. It is one of the most important tropical root crops as its starchy roots are a major source of dietary energy for more than 500 million people and it is known to be the highest producer of carbohydrates among staple crops.

According to the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, cassava ranks fourth as a food crop in the developing countries, after rice, maize and wheat.

Nigeria is currently the world’s largest producer of cassava.

Cassava is a staple food in many rural communities because of its tolerance to drought and poor soil conditions and because it can be cultivated in generally difficult crop environments.

“In Cambodia, cassava can grow and produce high yields in areas where maize and other crops will not grow well. It can tolerate drought and can be grown on soils with a low nutrient capacity, but responds well to irrigation or higher rainfall regions and to the use of fertilisers,” said Woo, who is working with Marco Robinson Sdn Bhd in Malaysia to facilitate investment in Cambodia.

Black gold

Besides cassava, Kampot pepper has been also attracting plenty of foreign investors into Cambodia.

The pepper is the first Cambodian product to receive “geographical indicator status” awarded by Cambodia’s Ministry of Commerce. Based on WTO guidelines, the status regulates every aspect of a product’s properties to assure both its high quality and regional distinctiveness – values that have been known among the growers for decades.

Regarded as the “King of Peppers” due to its complex flavours and pungent aroma, Kampot pepper is highly sought after by chefs and food connoisseurs.

It was considered an essential spice in any respectable restaurant in France during the mid 20th century, but faded from the world market due to the turmoil of the 1970s.

According to a report in a local Cambodian daily, demand for Kampot pepper is outpacing current supply even as areas of cultivation are expanding.

“Pepper farms increased from 20 hectares in 2012 to 41 hectares this year. Moreover, crop yields have increased from 23 tonnes in the whole of 2012 to 27 tonnes in just the first three months of this year,” the newspaper said.

“We see vast potential in Kampot pepper and this is something that Malaysians should look at,” said Woo.

Cambodia still faces numerous development challenges. In particular, the effective management of natural resources and land, and environmental sustainability and the pursuit of good governance.

Although poor public services and corruption curently hinder development, the country is working hard on addressing the issues it faces. Even with the challenges, one thing is clear, as Cambodia’s development continues, it is set to become a serious regional contender.
– See more at: http://www.thecambodiaherald.com/cambodia/detail/1?page=13&token=NDRhOTI5NzA0Y2E#sthash.26dbCUcK.dpuf

ADB- CPC HIỆP ĐỊNH CẤP TÍN DỤNG CHO THƯƠNG MẠI HOÁ GẠO VÀ CẢI CÁCH TÀI CHÍNH

Sign US$70 Million Loan Agreements for Rice Commercialization and Finance Reform

AKP Phnom Penh, August 26, 2013 –

The Government of Cambodia and the Asian Development Bank (ADB) reached here this morning loan agreements worth US$70 million to expand the country’s rice sector and promote reforms in the finance sector.

The loan agreements were signed by Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Economy and Finance H.E. Keat Chhon and ADB Country Director Mr. Eric Sidgwick.

According to an ADB press release, the agreements cover the Climate-Resilient Rice Commercialization Sector Development Program (Rice-SDP) and the subprogram II of the Finance Sector Program III (FSP III).

“Rice-SDP supports the Government’s Policy on the Promotion of Paddy Production and Rice Export, which calls for improved seeds, more efficient irrigation, better farming practices, greater drying, storage, and milling capacities, and better marketing, thereby transforming Cambodia’s rice subsector from subsistence farming to commercially-oriented value-chains,” said Mr. Sidgwick.

In addition to ADB’s loans of US$55 million, the Rice-SDP has mobilized US$24.1 million of cofinancing: a US$14.6 million grant from the Trust Fund for the Global Agriculture and Food Security Program, and a US$4.5 million grant and a US$5 million loan from the Strategic Climate Fund, the press release pointed out.

Rice-SDP, which will run until 2019, will improve crop productivity, access to credit by paddy producers and rice millers/exporters, access to regional and international rice markets, and enhance national and household food security. Rice-SDP will also support legal and regulatory reforms to promote local seed production and distribution, strengthen agricultural land management, improve capacity of farmers’ organizations, promote contract farming, and encourage domestic trading and export of milled rice. Paddy drying and storage facilities constructed under the program, to be operated by public-private partnerships, will ensure better quality paddy for processing and higher added value in Cambodia.

The investment part of Rice-SDP will cover Battambang, Kampong Thom, and Prey Veng provinces, among the largest rice producing areas in the country. An efficient rice value chain and increased productivity will benefit about 1 million low income rice farming households, with each expected to gain additional income of US$300 a year by 2020.

The US$15 million subprogram II of the FSP III will further improve the legal foundation for financial institutions to sustain financial stability; enhance market confidence; strengthen legal frameworks for development of security market and insurance industry; modernize payments and clearance system; support the development of a commercial dispute resolution mechanism; and promote transparency and measures to combat money laundering and the financing of terrorism. This will build a growing, resilient, and efficient financial system that supports sustainable economic growth and poverty reduction mechanisms.

FSP III comprises a series of three single-tranche subprograms to be implemented from December 2010 for three to four years. The first two phases of the FSP, worth more than US$75 million, have contributed new and increased loans of US$1.52 billion, the creation of more than 12,000 jobs, and the opening of more than 980 new branches of banks and microfinance institutions throughout Cambodia.
NEC: Safety Package Verification in Kratie Does Not Affect the Election Results


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